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Question Exfoliation/skin warming/massage and after care information needed please? - 15-11-07, 04:35 PM

Hi all, i was wanting to know if you skin geeks any any links for websites on skin facial websites.Iv got some home work to do [which i dont want the answers just where to get it from].My questions are on the following:
Client X has a dry skin type that is fine and fair with dialated capillaries on cheek area
Client Y has oily skin type that is tanned,thickened and course
Client Z has a combination skin type that is mature with loss of elasticity.

produce a report on the following:
How exfoliation and skin warming techniques could be adapted to suit each client
How facial massage techniques can be adapted to suit each client
Describe the after care for each client above.

Iv got 2 beauty books in front of me here and done some of it but im really getting mixed up with it all and a banging headache after hours of sitting here trying work out what is what.Iv got to hand it in tomorow and iv still not completed it,any advice would be most greatfull.
Thank you for taking time to read my thread x

PS the one im stuck with the most is client Y
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15-11-07, 06:12 PM

Shall i copy and paste what i have written so far to see if im on the right track bumpity bump!
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Question 15-11-07, 06:20 PM

Please anyone has im going mad here and im so confused pleeeeeeeaaaaassssssssssseeeeee
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15-11-07, 08:02 PM

Quote:
Originally Posted by major View Post
Shall i copy and paste what i have written so far to see if im on the right track bumpity bump!
That would be a good idea Zena. Then other geeks can tell you what they would do different.

My imput at the minute would be to bear in mind that normal skin warming techniques have be be adjusted for oily skins and sensitived skins, skin with excessively dilated arterioles. The same would go for the traditonal granular exfoliants as you dont want to over stimulate.

Hope that helps for starters.

Last edited by oey; 15-11-07 at 08:07 PM.
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Idea 15-11-07, 09:12 PM

Thanks for the reply Theresa heres what i have written so far,i may be on the wrong path altogether so bear `with me please lol

Client X has a dry skin type that is fine and fair with dilated capillaries over the cheek area

A client with dry/fine/thin skin and some dilated capillaries on the face/cheek has a tendency to have sensitivity, so when you do any treatments on this skin type you must be careful but you could adapt the treatment to suit the skin.
When doing exfoliation on this skin type you need to be gentle when you are working it around the face and not much pressure as you donít want to damage the skin any more. You can avoid and work round the cheek area where the broken capillaries are.
Exfoliation will help get rid of old dead skin cells and help to renew the skin giving it a healthier glow. You can do different types of exfoliating:
Biochemical skin peels {exfoliating mask}
Pore grains {exfoliating cream/liquid containing tiny spheres/crushed nuts}
Clay exfoliant {exfoliating clay mask}

You can use skin warming techniques adapted to suit skin, steam can be used to achieve stimulation and cleansing of client X but care must be taken. When you are steaming dry/fine skin with dilated capillaries you must protect that area, you can put dampened cotton pads/barrier cream over the broken capillaries to protect them but donít forget to cover the eyes aswell with more dampened cotton pads.
When a client has got sensitive skin you can reduce the timing of the steaming and also move the steam further away from the clients face to about 15+inches away .Because client X face is dry they would benefit from steaming as it would help to improve moisture which they need as it will renew cells and stimulate oil glands. You can also use steamed towels to steam the clients face but be careful of the cheek area where the broken capillaries are and keep the eyes protected and the air ways clear.
Facial massage on this skin type could also be adapted to suit; there are four basic types of movements:
Effleurage
Petrissage
Percussion [Tapotement]
Vibrations
You can effleurage the skin as this is a light stroking movement and should never be heavy anyway.
Petrissage could be used with the skin being dry/thin as it will help increase the sebaceous gland and circulation and also help muscle tone, but avoid the cheek area where the damage is.
Percussion {Tapotement} should be avoided over the sensitive area but could be done around the jaw area to improve muscle and skin tone and the increase of blood supply which will help nourish the tissues.
Vibrations this movement is applied to the nerve centre and gives a feeling of well being and a good gentle stimulation of the skin. This movement can be used to stimulate sensitive skin but without irritating the area of the broken capillaries. Do not use the knuckling movement over the damaged area to avoid over stimulation.
It is vital that you give good after care to your client for when they leave you, when they have had a facial and had that good feeling they get it is a good idea that they can look after their skin whilst at home and in between appointments.
Explain to them what products you have used and why;
Recommend products to suit their skin types and how to be used at home and their benefits, demonstrate on the back of your hand and compare the results
Advice them on product application/removal to get maximum affects
Drink plenty of water
Moisturise their skin twice daily
Exfoliate their skin twice weekly
Give contra-action advice if a reaction occurs
Explain that following a facial only eye/lip make up can be used and allow eight hours before full make up is applied to avoid congestion of the cleaned skin
Recommend time intervals between treatments
Discuss to them how smoking/Sunbeds and drinking alcohol can affect their skin, life style changes
Provide what further treatments you are recommending to improve their skin condition
Explain that the blemishes on their skin is due to the cleansing of the skin and that it will fade
Advice them to avoid tap water on their face as it contains salts and chlorine, which can dry the skin even more
Advise them to cleans/tone/moisturise daily {routine}
How often they should have full facial treatment
Design a simple massage routine to show your client that they could do at home, show what type of movements to be used and what affects it has for their skin. You could also show the client some facial exercises that they can practise at home and try to get them to do it at least four times a week.
The exercise will help them improve their muscle tone of the face and neck area and then at a later stage you can discuss how they are getting on and what affects it has had for them.
When your client has had a facial it will leave blemishes so advice them for when they want to rebook to make sure they do it at least five days before if they have a special occasion to attend to avoid this.
Always record all details on their record card including any retail sales.




Client Y has an oily skin type that is tanned thickened and course

For this type of skin when you exfoliate it will help to remove dead skin cells, grease and debris from the surface of the skin.
By adding in the facial treatment an exfoliating face mask will benefit the client.
Using a setting mask will help as these dry on the skin, they include clay based masks and peel offs as these will remove excess oil from the skin.
Use a clay based mask made from clay and powdered minerals, the best one for oily skin is Fullerís Earth and is the strongest of all powder. This is usually mixed with Witch Hazel as this has a drying affect. Or you can make a specialised mask to suit the skin type. You can use any exfoliation product on oily skin as it will benefit them to help reduce the oil on the surface. If they have thickened/course skin you can use a pumice block as this is used for peeling and refining a course skin texture.
Mechanical exfoliation {facial brushing} can be used as this helps to get rid of dead skin cells and excess sebum as the soft hair bristles rotate over the skin.
When using steam application for oily skins they will tolerate a shorter application distance and a longer application time, after steaming blot the face with tissues to remove any blockages. Make sure you use dampened cotton pads over the eye area for protection.
If you do not have a steamer unit {electrical} you can use a technique called towel steaming, this is where several towels are used which have been heated and then applied to the face and neck area.
You press the towels on the face gently and when it cools you change to another warmed towel. After this steaming blot the face with facial tissues and remove any blockages.









Client Z has a combination skin type that is mature with loss of elasticity

Combination skin is one of the most common skin types, it means the face has a ĎTí zone, this includes the forehead, nose and chin so this area will be oilier and congested while the rest of the skin may be a little dry/normal. But also client Z has mature skin as this has started to aging process. It will lack oil/moisture. Facial lines will appear around muscles of facial expression, as it has lost its elasticity and muscle tone as the subcutaneous layer is shrinking and less active.
You can treat this skin type in two ways
This skin type can be exfoliated but only very gentle and you must support the skin when applying the exfoliating product.


When steaming is required this would benefit the client with combination/mature aging skin has it improves the sebaceous gland activity which will helps.

On the facial massage

Please let me know if i have gone wrong,iv started to do another R&R as my mind is totaly gone with the skin techniques on this one!
help!!
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oey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocketoey says folks don't laugh so loud when you got a grand in your pocket
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15-11-07, 09:37 PM

Wow - very thorough!

The only one I wouldnt be sure is correct is the oily skin type. With the product range I use it is not recommended that you over stimulate oily skin with abbrasive type exfoliants and only a light massage. I dont use steam to warm the skin with this range but if my memory serves me right too much steam can stimulate the sebum production so you do need to be careful there. Perhaps other skin geeks can help out more here.

I suspect by reading your wording that you are using the Lorraine Nordmann Foundations to level2. I found this overall the be a good guide but doesnt always go into enough detail (but did go in to more detail than other books).

I am sure there are more knowledgable geeks out there than me but I am impressed with your answer.

Well done - and hope this helps.
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15-11-07, 09:51 PM

You are probably right as now you have said that about the oily skin and not to over stimulate im sure iv read that some where.
Sorry if its a long boring thread but im totally zapped by it,it should be in by tomorow but not a chance my head pounding so gona leave it tonight with that one.Thanks for the reply though.ill try and do some more after college tomorow to see if i can do some more with a fresh mind.Thanks again theresa xx

Has any other geeks got some advise on the above? the thread has had loads of views but only one geek replied is my thread that boring lol
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21-11-07, 06:16 PM

Hi,im currently doing this assignment tooo n im stuck i cannot find any information on what facial massage to give for oily skin,did u find the information?if so would you mind telling me where?thankyou xx
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26-11-07, 11:46 AM

i am also doing this assigment, if you got any helpful weblinks about the massage would you plz let me know, thanx
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27-11-07, 12:11 PM

This is what assignment I have been doing. If you ever get stuck on any aspect of them the best places after the internet are the local salons. Most therapists are very keen to help students. They may even allow you with the permission of the client to watch a facial etc.

Loose sagging skin – light pressure: toning movements include face lifting, folding, digital kneading, single and double flipping, tapotement.

Dull devitalized skin – heavier pressure: stimulating movements include point hacking, knuckle kneading, heel palm kneading.

Sensitive, blotchy, telangiestacia skin – very light pressure: effleurage, kneading, vibrations (static and running), pneumatic pressure.

Acne cystic skin – avoid effleurage over pustules: concentrate on relaxing movements on trapezius muscles, very little or no massage on face – when acne is healing, vibrations only.

anything your not sure of about the above....wack it in google

Good luck girlies
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27-11-07, 12:23 PM

thank you so much for the info, this assignment has had my head done in
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27-11-07, 09:32 PM

Yeh thanks for that its done mt head in aswell.Im stuck on the distance of the steamer from the face and how long for,it seems to contridict itself on different things iv read.x thanks again for helping everyone x
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28-11-07, 03:35 PM

The distance of the steamer depends upon the manufactures instructions but we had a guideline of around 16 inches away from clients face.
Blients with highly vascular and couperose skin may be steamed for only a minimal time to prevent causing further erythema and dilation of cappillaries. Opting for warm towel may be a more suitable alternative to steaming. Acnified and pustulated skin may be more suitable for a steamer with ozone added although these treatments are now considered rare due to the risks which have been linked with ozone. Thicker courses skins and dehydrated skins may need steaming for a slightly longer time than normal as the pores are usually quite tight and comedo can be quite stubborn to remove, and may be prone to milia.
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30-11-07, 07:42 PM

thanks for all the info it helped alot!!xx
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needing help also - 06-12-08, 03:21 PM

[quote=nailzandbeauty;662663]Thanks for the reply Theresa heres what i have written so far,i may be on the wrong path altogether so bear `with me please lol

Client X has a dry skin type that is fine and fair with dilated capillaries over the cheek area

A client with dry/fine/thin skin and some dilated capillaries on the face/cheek has a tendency to have sensitivity, so when you do any treatments on this skin type you must be careful but you could adapt the treatment to suit the skin.
When doing exfoliation on this skin type you need to be gentle when you are working it around the face and not much pressure as you donít want to damage the skin any more. You can avoid and work round the cheek area where the broken capillaries are.
Exfoliation will help get rid of old dead skin cells and help to renew the skin giving it a healthier glow. You can do different types of exfoliating:
Biochemical skin peels {exfoliating mask}
Pore grains {exfoliating cream/liquid containing tiny spheres/crushed nuts}
Clay exfoliant {exfoliating clay mask}

You can use skin warming techniques adapted to suit skin, steam can be used to achieve stimulation and cleansing of client X but care must be taken. When you are steaming dry/fine skin with dilated capillaries you must protect that area, you can put dampened cotton pads/barrier cream over the broken capillaries to protect them but donít forget to cover the eyes aswell with more dampened cotton pads.
When a client has got sensitive skin you can reduce the timing of the steaming and also move the steam further away from the clients face to about 15+inches away .Because client X face is dry they would benefit from steaming as it would help to improve moisture which they need as it will renew cells and stimulate oil glands. You can also use steamed towels to steam the clients face but be careful of the cheek area where the broken capillaries are and keep the eyes protected and the air ways clear.
Facial massage on this skin type could also be adapted to suit; there are four basic types of movements:
Effleurage
Petrissage
Percussion [Tapotement]
Vibrations
You can effleurage the skin as this is a light stroking movement and should never be heavy anyway.
Petrissage could be used with the skin being dry/thin as it will help increase the sebaceous gland and circulation and also help muscle tone, but avoid the cheek area where the damage is.
Percussion {Tapotement} should be avoided over the sensitive area but could be done around the jaw area to improve muscle and skin tone and the increase of blood supply which will help nourish the tissues.
Vibrations this movement is applied to the nerve centre and gives a feeling of well being and a good gentle stimulation of the skin. This movement can be used to stimulate sensitive skin but without irritating the area of the broken capillaries. Do not use the knuckling movement over the damaged area to avoid over stimulation.
It is vital that you give good after care to your client for when they leave you, when they have had a facial and had that good feeling they get it is a good idea that they can look after their skin whilst at home and in between appointments.
Explain to them what products you have used and why;
Recommend products to suit their skin types and how to be used at home and their benefits, demonstrate on the back of your hand and compare the results
Advice them on product application/removal to get maximum affects
Drink plenty of water
Moisturise their skin twice daily
Exfoliate their skin twice weekly
Give contra-action advice if a reaction occurs
Explain that following a facial only eye/lip make up can be used and allow eight hours before full make up is applied to avoid congestion of the cleaned skin
Recommend time intervals between treatments
Discuss to them how smoking/Sunbeds and drinking alcohol can affect their skin, life style changes
Provide what further treatments you are recommending to improve their skin condition
Explain that the blemishes on their skin is due to the cleansing of the skin and that it will fade
Advice them to avoid tap water on their face as it contains salts and chlorine, which can dry the skin even more
Advise them to cleans/tone/moisturise daily {routine}
How often they should have full facial treatment
Design a simple massage routine to show your client that they could do at home, show what type of movements to be used and what affects it has for their skin. You could also show the client some facial exercises that they can practise at home and try to get them to do it at least four times a week.
The exercise will help them improve their muscle tone of the face and neck area and then at a later stage you can discuss how they are getting on and what affects it has had for them.
When your client has had a facial it will leave blemishes so advice them for when they want to rebook to make sure they do it at least five days before if they have a special occasion to attend to avoid this.
Always record all details on their record card including any retail sales.




Client Y has an oily skin type that is tanned thickened and course

For this type of skin when you exfoliate it will help to remove dead skin cells, grease and debris from the surface of the skin.
By adding in the facial treatment an exfoliating face mask will benefit the client.
Using a setting mask will help as these dry on the skin, they include clay based masks and peel offs as these will remove excess oil from the skin.
Use a clay based mask made from clay and powdered minerals, the best one for oily skin is Fullerís Earth and is the strongest of all powder. This is usually mixed with Witch Hazel as this has a drying affect. Or you can make a specialised mask to suit the skin type. You can use any exfoliation product on oily skin as it will benefit them to help reduce the oil on the surface. If they have thickened/course skin you can use a pumice block as this is used for peeling and refining a course skin texture.
Mechanical exfoliation {facial brushing} can be used as this helps to get rid of dead skin cells and excess sebum as the soft hair bristles rotate over the skin.
When using steam application for oily skins they will tolerate a shorter application distance and a longer application time, after steaming blot the face with tissues to remove any blockages. Make sure you use dampened cotton pads over the eye area for protection.
If you do not have a steamer unit {electrical} you can use a technique called towel steaming, this is where several towels are used which have been heated and then applied to the face and neck area.
You press the towels on the face gently and when it cools you change to another warmed towel. After this steaming blot the face with facial tissues and remove any blockages.









Client Z has a combination skin type that is mature with loss of elasticity

Combination skin is one of the most common skin types, it means the face has a ĎTí zone, this includes the forehead, nose and chin so this area will be oilier and congested while the rest of the skin may be a little dry/normal. But also client Z has mature skin as this has started to aging process. It will lack oil/moisture. Facial lines will appear around muscles of facial expression, as it has lost its elasticity and muscle tone as the subcutaneous layer is shrinking and less active.
You can treat this skin type in two ways
This skin type can be exfoliated but only very gentle and you must support the skin when applying the exfoliating product.


When steaming is required this would benefit the client with combination/mature aging skin has it improves the sebaceous gland activity which will helps.

On the facial massage

Please let me know if i have gone wrong,iv started to do another R&R as my mind is totaly gone with the skin techniques on this one!

im also confused with this assignment did u manage to finish it wat result did u get pls pls can u help me im really very stuck i need to hand in nx week
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